What causes Diabetes?
If at any point of time you come across fluctuating blood sugar levels, it may be an indication of Diabetes.
Diabetes is a kind of metabolic autoimmune disease, which can be related with the higher level of blood sugar level in your body. Our body needs energy to perform day to day functions and can be generated in the form of glucose through breakdown of food, we consume. The glucose is then transported to each and every cell of your body via hormone insulin, which is being produced in the pancreas.
If your blood sugar level is constantly high than normal, but not as high as to be classified as diabetes; then the condition can be referred as prediabetes and should be considered as an opportunity for you to improve your health. It is always advisable to manage your diabetes, as being constantly exposed to higher glucose in the blood can cause serious health issues.
That's how diabetes starts taking place also called prediabetes.
Diabetes needs to be cured on time because having too much glucose in your blood can cause serious health problems.
Prediabetes is not a type of diabetes but as the amount of glucose in your blood starts getting high than the normal measure of glucose it can result in type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
Signs and symptoms of Diabetes
- You might feel very thirsty and hungry at times
- You will experience frequent urination
- Fatigue due to low energy
- Blurred eyesight
- Less immunity
- Dryness and itching in skin
Now as you are known to the idea of diabetes, the question is what type of diabetes do you have? There are three types of diabetes which are common nowadays in both women and men.
- Diabetes Type 1
- Diabetes Type 2
- Gestational diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes, also referred to as Juvenile Diabetes is commonly diagnosed in children as well as young adults. Only 5% of the people with diabetes are suffering with type I Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes occurs, when patient’s own immune cells destroy pancreatic beta cells, and hence patients with type I Diabetes often have to deal with zeroed or insufficient production of insulin; which in turn can limit transportation of glucose to different cells of the body, forcing them to accumulate in the blood.
Currently insulin shots or certain steroidal medications are offered as a diabetes treatment. However, it has been evident that the treatment can not alter the disease progression nor can it alter the damage that has already done, but can only slow down the advancements; additionally, long term exposure to steroidal medicines as well as hormonal therapy can lead to other complications. Apparently, an alternative therapy is always in demand by medical professionals as well as patients suffering from the disease to reduce drug dependency, alter the damage to some extent as well as stop or slow down the progression.
A few symptoms are as above mentioned.
Following precautions can be taken to manage your Diabetes type 1
- Insulin shots or injections
- Medicines recommended by doctor
- A Proper, healthy Diet
- Physical exercises
- Managing Blood pressure levels
- Controlling Cholesterol levels (by food)
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is often experienced by middle-aged and older people. However, overweight and inactive people may also likely to develop type 2 diabetes. It usually begins with insulin resistance, in other words, fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin to carry glucose into the body cells (for energy production).
Basically, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by making more insulin which in turn results in less amount of insulin when blood sugar level is increased, such as after meals. If this is being persistent you need to get an appointment with the doctor.
Other than that you can treat type 2 diabetes by:
- Making healthy food choices.
- Being physical active (may be by doing exercises)
The third type of diabetes is quite understood by its name that is Gestational diabetes. Only pregnant women experience this type of diabetes.
They produce hormones that result in insulin resistance. This is evident in all women late in their pregnancy when insulin production is down but Overweight or Obese women have higher chances of gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes can also develop due to too much weight gain during pregnancy.
As only pregnancy lead to insulin resistance in this type of diabetes, it usually goes away after the baby is born.
A woman, who has had gestational diabetes, can suffer with type 2 diabetes possibly later in their life. Also, babies born to mothers who had gestational diabetes are also more likely to grow obese with type 2 diabetes.
No matter what type of diabetes you are experiencing, with time diabetes can lead to serious problems with your blood vessels, heart, nerves, kidneys, mouth, eyes, and feet.
These problems, in turn, can lead to an amputation which is an operation to remove a damaged toe, foot, or leg etc.
The most common issue evident so far due to long term exposure of higher blood level of blood glucose, has accounted for heart diseases with long term diabetes is heart disease, the crucial part of your body.
Before it goes any longer, treat yourself with the best available treatment because once it gets serious you might lose everything behind your health.
Have a healthy life!
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