People with cerebral atrophy, also known as atrophy, lose neurons, and connectivity between neurons, and frequently have smaller brain volumes. This loss may result from thinking, memory, and daily task performance issues. One is more impaired the more loss they have experienced. There are two kinds of brain shrinkage:
Types of Cerebral Atrophy
- Focal: One specific part of the brain suffers damage.
- Generalized: Your whole brain sustains damage.
Causes of Cerebral Atrophy
Brain shrinkage can be brought on by a wide range of conditions, neurodegenerative illnesses, infectious diseases, and serious accidents, including:
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Cerebral Palsy
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- Traumatic Brain Injury
Symptoms of Cerebral Atrophy
Depending on what portion of your brain is injured, different people experience different symptoms of cerebral atrophy. Additionally, there are minor to severe symptoms. Brain atrophy generally results from a variety of disorders, and symptoms can include:
- Speech difficulties
- Memory issues
- Personality changes
- Poor decision making
- Difficulty writing
The phrase “brain atrophy” is used by medical professionals to describe a person who has more brain abnormalities than would be expected for their age. As people grow older, they lose several brain cells and their brain size declines as well. Here, damage develops more quickly than normal ageing would.
How Is Cerebral Atrophy Diagnosed?
The diagnosis of cerebral atrophy can depend on a series of tests including brain functioning tests, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or a family history check. Computed tomography or CT scan can also help in diagnosing cerebral atrophy.
Given that brain atrophy may be a symptom of one or more disorders, there is no one treatment for cerebral atrophy. Instead, medical professionals design your therapy to help you control the underlying condition’s symptoms. Your treatment strategy may frequently consist of a combination of physiotherapy, speech therapy, medication, surgery or stem cell therapy in some instances.
Stem Cell Therapy for Cerebral Atrophy
The therapeutic potential of stem cells to alleviate the symptoms of cerebral atrophy is extremely promising. A variety of neurotrophic factors are expressed by bone marrow- or adipose-derived stem cells that have differentiated into glial-like cells and offer neuroprotective and neuro-regenerative effects. Neurotrophic factors are growth factors that are known to support neuron development and survival and are essential in creating a protective microenvironment. They also help to repair injured nerves, encourage regeneration, control neural plasticity, and preserve functional integrity. As stem cells may replace, renew, and repair neurons as well as lessen inflammation, they have significant potential as a solution for damaged nerves. With encouraging outcomes, this therapy reassures the patient about their safety.