Are you fed up of recurring knee problems? Well, Knee joint pain is one of the most common injuries especially among the aged and the athletes. Knee joint pain can be attributed to varied factors such as physical activity, injuries, obesity etc. Knee joint pain could either be acute pain or chronic pain.
Acute Knee Joint Pain:
Acute Knee Joint Pain arises from an acute injury or infection. The following are the most common knee injuries reported:
ACL or anterior cruciate ligament is major ligament connecting the femur (thigh bone) with the tibia (shin bone). A tear in the ACL is one of the most common sports injury. People usually experience an intense pain with a loud “pop” sound and may not be able to put their weight on the knee.
A meniscus is a cartilage that cushions the knee joint. A tear in meniscus can occur by simple activities such as twisting of the knee or simply turning in the bed.
Bursa are fluid bags throughout the body that are found between bones and muscles and facilitate free movement of muscles. Bursitis usually occurs when the knee is over-pressurised by activities such as weight lifting
Chronic Knee Joint Pain:
Chronic Knee joint pain is a long-term pain from a knee injury or inflammation of knee joint. It is attributed to multiple medical conditions such as arthritis, gout, obesity, bursitis. Knee inflammation refers to swelling of the knee joint which is accompanied by redness and stiffness of the knee. It occurs when the lubricating fluid or the synovial fluid accumulates in or around the knee. It is the body’s natural physiological response to an injury to assist healing.
Osteoarthritis occurs from degeneration of the cartilage which is a protective cushion between joint. This leads to pain during movements. People with osteoarthritis experience a “crackling” sound in the joint.
It is an autoimmune disorder where body’s own immune system attacks its joints causing stiffness and joint inflammation.
Gout is an extremely painful inflammatory condition where the knee becomes swollen and hot. It occurs in people who have very high levels of uric acid in the blood.
It has been reported that walking exerts about twice your body weight on the knee. Therefore, excessive weight can put extra burden on your knee muscles and also increase your risk for knee injury.
Knee Joint Pain Treatments
Knee treatments usually involve administration of a combination of painkillers or anti-inflammatory drugs. Physiotherapy is also recommended to improve muscle strength and flexibility. In some cases lubricating gels may be injected or applied topically for easing pain and mobility. If damage is beyond scope of repair, surgeries for partial or total knee replacement may be performed. The downside to these treatments is that they act very slowly to repair knee and may not be effective after long sessions. Further, knee surgeries can take a very long time to recover from and mobility is absolutely restricted up to months.
Stem Cell Therapy For Knee Joint Pain
Stem cell therapy is a promising new cure for Knee injuries and chronic pains. Stem cell treatment is a minimally invasive procedure which helps in reducing pain and facilitating cartilage repair and growth. Recent studies have demonstrated significant reduction of inflammation in knee joints post stem cell injections. Stem cells also release therapeutic factors that heal the surrounding tissues and replace damaged cells. The good news is that mobility is not restricted with these treatments and the patients can continue their day to day activities with ease. With its successful outcomes, Stem cell therapy is definitely the future solution to all your knee problems and can replace the need for knee replacement surgeries!