Does having diabetes makes it more likely for you to develop heart disease and put you at a risk of heart attack or stroke? Diabetes deals with increase in blood glucose or blood sugar levels and consecutively affect blood pressure and cholesterol levels. People with diabetes are therefore more likely to have heart deteriorating conditions causing cardiovascular diseases or stroke.
What is the link between diabetes and heart disease?
High blood glucose causing diabetes can damage blood vessels and muscles that stabilize the heart and cardiovascular tissues. Increased sugar levels in blood can lead to blood vessel contraction more than the normal diameter and that might lead to an increase in blood pressure or reduce the blood flow in vital organs, leading to an increase in the heart attack or stroke risks. Besides hyperglycaemia being a concern for heart disease and stroke, there are some supplementary causes or risk factors that might accelerate the risk.
Smoking increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and it is essential to quit smoking as both smoking and diabetes narrow down blood vessels. Smoking also raises the chance of lung damage, ulcers, etc.
Abnormal cholesterol levels
There are two kinds of blood cholesterol: LDL and HDL. High levels of LDL (Low density cholesterol) can clog blood vessels and cause atherosclerosis. Thus, patients with diabetes and high levels of LDL are at a huge risk of heart attack or developing heart disease. Besides LDL, triglycerides can also raise the risk of heart disease when present above the normal levels.
Being overweight can affect the management of diabetes and raise the chance of several health problems along with increase in blood pressure. Thus, healthy eating and exercises can help in reducing calories and reduce risks of being overweight.
A family history of heart disease may be a burden on the chances of developing heart disease. It might be difficult to alter family history of diseases but if you have diabetes, it is even more important to take necessary healthy precautions.
How to lower the chances of heart disease in diabetic patients?
One can lower the chances of having heart disease or stroke by taking the following steps to manage diabetes:
- A1C test shows average blood glucose levels over the past 3 months and higher the numbers, higher is the blood glucose level. High levels of blood glucose can affect heart, blood vessels and kidneys, and thus it is important to keep record of the levels.
- Avoiding or lowering the intake of LDL foods like fatty beef, pork, whole-fat dairy products, saturated oils etc. can reduce the chances of heart disease or stroke occurrence.This also helps in keeping blood pressure at check.
- Smoking is a bad habit and should be omitted at all costs as it leads to damaged blood vessels and deteriorated lung conditions. Smoking also proves harmful to diabetes and should be avoided to lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
- Healthy lifestyle choices dealing with routine physical exercises, maintaining a healthy diet according to nutrition experts, getting sufficient sleep, meditation for stress relief etc.
Besides these steps, therapeutic treatment is a major part of managing diabetes and heart disease risks. Conventional treatment of insulin injections for diabetes or vasodilating agents for heart attack are good with managing symptoms but do not help in repairing of the damage of the tissue and vessels. Therefore, regenerative medicine has been highly sought after by the medical community to treat diabetes and heart disease, besides several other medical ailments. Stem cell therapy for diabetes leads to repairing and rejuvenation of pancreatic cells to produce proper amounts of insulin so that blood glucose levels are lowered naturally. This further can lead to reduction in the risk of increasing blood pressure and thus avoid any risk of heart attack or stroke. For more information on regenerative medicine, sign up for free consultation at firstname.lastname@example.org