Stem Cells are the native cells that play a prominent role in the growth and development of the body. There are primarily two categories of stem cells, embryonic stem cells, and adult stem cells. Embryonic stem cells (pluripotent) are present in the blastocyst stage of embryo development and they give rise to various cell lineages in ectoderm, endoderm, and mesoderm stages. Adult stem cells (multipotent and unipotent) are present in the adult tissue niche and they are responsible for giving rise to several but limited cell lineages of the body. As our body ages, the stem cell populations deplete and thus it takes a longer time for the body to regenerate and heal damaged tissues. Thus, stem cell therapy helps in supporting the body to heal and rejuvenate naturally without any risk of drug toxicity and side effects.
What Is Stem Cell Therapy?
Diseases like Autism, Alzheimer’s, ALS, Arthritis, and other tissue damaging diseases have been treated with conventional therapies like steroids, pain medications, and physiotherapies for quite a long time but these drugs have caused side effects in patients in most cases and though symptoms of pain were significantly reduced, they did not provide any healing or regeneration of the damaged tissues. Moreover, in severe cases of arthritis or spinal cord injury, doctors often suggest knee replacement and surgeries respectively but these surgeries are complicated and harbor risk for the patient.
Thus, alternate medicine in the form of stem cell therapy or regenerative medicine has currently gained huge importance in terms of treatment for these disorders as this therapy is non-invasive, natural, and harbors no side effects. In the case of autologous stem cell therapy, Stem Cells (generally adult hematopoietic stem cells or mesenchymal stem cells) are extracted from the patient’s bone marrow or adipose tissue and after specific processing, are re-infused into the patient’s body through intravenous or site-specific procedures according to the disease requirement. Stem cell treatment caters to the needs of the patient by reducing the disorder symptoms and promoting tissue healing besides immunomodulatory functions in the body.
Types Of Potential Diseases Cured With Stem Cell Therapy
There are a plethora of diseases that can be potentially cured with stem cell treatment owing to their requirement of tissue regeneration and rejuvenation in their treatment procedure.
ALS is undoubtedly a fatal neurological disorder affecting neural coordination of the movements through hampering muscular control. Though there is no known ALS cure, medications are available to relieve symptoms and ease pain, depression, sleep disturbances, etc. Stem Cell Therapy for ALS can be used as a contemporary technology to improve the diseased status and slow down the chronic progression by regeneration of neurons and body rejuvenation.
Talking about neural disorders, Autism is one of the most researched disorder which affects children and hampers their mental growth, social interaction, behavioral patterns and public response. Today’s era of personalized regenerative medicine has ushered a prospective approach based on stem cell therapy to positively influence the communication, growth, regeneration in children with autism by rejuvenation and restoration of damaged neural cells as well as regulation of the immune system.
Muscular Dystrophy is another major neurological disorder that falls under the neuromuscular category, similar to ALS. Researchers are trying out several ways to utilize the potential of stem cell therapy to prevent muscle wastage and produce working muscle fibers that can eventually replace damaged ones. Studies have also shown that with stem cell therapy, muscular inflammation associated with muscular dystrophy can be significantly reduced and therefore, disease progression can be prevented.
Conventional treatments cannot restore vision or alter blindness in patients even though they can act as supportive therapies to reduce the symptoms and delay the disease progression. Regenerative therapy using stem cell treatment has the potential to replace damaged blood vessels and regenerate optic nerve in the eyes. Some common disorders that can be treated using stem cell therapy include optic nerve atrophy, macular degeneration, and eye injuries.
Orthopedics is a branch of medical science primarily related to the musculoskeletal disorders and affects the bones, ligaments, tendons, and muscles, mainly concerning the patient with issues related to locomotion and balance. The common symptoms of orthopedic disorders include chronic pain, joint degeneration, muscle weakness, softness, fibromyalgia, and even restricted movements. Some of the commonly encountered disorders that can be potentially treated with stem cell therapy, owing to its potential for tissue healing and regeneration, are Osteoarthritis, Ankylosing Spondylitis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoporosis, and Sports Injury.
Other major disorders that can be potentially treated using stem cell therapy include skin disorders, erectile dysfunction, female fertility disorders, and stem cells also support the anti-aging of the skin. For more information and related inquiries, contact email@example.com