Cerebral palsy can be referred to as a neurological indication, associated with loss of body movements and lack of muscle coordination. The disease can affect children in their infancy or early childhood due to a variety of reasons, such as oxygen deprivation at birth, high blood pressure of a mother during pregnancy, faulty labor, etc.
It has been evident so far that children with a severe form of cerebral palsy are born with the disease and symptoms are evident then and there; however, for kids with a milder form of the disability, it is quite possible that symptoms may not be exhibited for months. Thus, it is very crucial as parents to understand that their child is missing any one of the developmental milestones; and if it is so, they should immediately inform their concerns to paediatrics.
Symptoms of Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Motor impairment is the major sign that can point to a potential CP development risk. It becomes apparent as the child develops.
- Muscle tone changes, going from complete relaxation to a powerful contraction.
- Excessive muscle tension and hyperreflexia (spasticity), frequently manifest as the child’s body bending in one direction and asymmetrical positioning of the extremities.
- Issues with movement coordination (ataxia)
- Agile, slow movements (athetosis)
- A tremor or wild, uncontrolled motions
Some of the associative conditions can as well be visibly expressed at birth such as sensory impairments, seizures, learning disabilities, etc.
Types of Cerebral Palsy (CP)
The four primary forms of cerebral palsy are as follows:
Speech can be challenging to understand in all types of cerebral palsy because the kid has trouble coordinating the muscles needed for speech.
- Spastic CP: It is the most common form of CP which leads to muscle stiffness and weakness. The most adversely affected are kids with spastic quadriplegia. They frequently have intellectual disabilities, spasms, and swallowing difficulties.
- Ataxic CP: Ataxia is a disorder that makes it difficult to coordinate and control body motions, notably walking. Less than 5% of children with cerebral palsy have the ataxic variety, which is characterised by poor coordination and fragile muscles. Children’s movements become wobbly as they grab for anything.
- Athetoid CP: Involuntary twitching movements are known as athetosis. 20% of kids with cerebral palsy have the athetoid kind, which causes the arms, legs, and body to move very slowly and unintentionally.
- Mixed CP: The mixed type combines two of the aforementioned categories, most frequently spastic and athetoid. Many children with cerebral palsy have this variety. There is a chance of learning disabilities in mixed CP.
How can you Detect CP?
This should as well be noted that as there is no diagnostic test available confirming cerebral palsy, ruling out the possibilities is the only way to confirm.
Other than this some of the combinational tests can be done to support the diagnosis early, such as
- Assessment of reproductive health of a woman
- Examination of paternal health records
- Assessment of newborn screens conducted at birth
- Checking out the APGAR score
- Assessment of baby birth, developmental as well as growth records
- Checking out the physical performance of a baby
- Neuroimaging tests analysis to detect developmental abnormality
- Electroencephalography performance check to analyze nervous system function
- Evaluating checklists pertaining to developmental milestones
Early treatment usually has the greatest chance of improving a child’s condition. Conventionally only supportive treatments were present to temporarily relieve the pain or symptoms. Additionally, there are many support services available for the effective management of some activities and programs, such as daycare services or nursing programs. Although the damage in terms of the death of neurons cannot be halted or reversed with the latest technological revolutions such as stem cell treatment for cerebral palsy; the progression can be delayed. Now let us talk about economics about the cost of CP stem cell treatment in India.
At Advancells, we have been providing assistance to many children for coping with their problems and to find out a permanent solution. Advancells are exploiting the most potent Stem Cells isolated from patients’ own Bone Marrow or Adipose tissue or maybe both depending upon the assessment.