The heart muscle is nourished and kept pounding by a continuous supply of oxygen-rich blood. During a heart attack, a blockage in an artery interrupts blood flow. Lacking blood, the portion of the heart supplied by the injured artery begins to die and scar the tissues in the area. This damage can lead to cardiac failure with time, especially if one heart attack follows another.
Despite the fact that the heart is a resilient organ, damaged areas are unable to pump blood as effectively as they previously could. People who have had a heart attack may be subjected to lifelong maintenance therapy, which includes medicines and other therapies targeted at avoiding another heart attack and improving heart function. Lately, the flexibility of stem cells, owing to their infinite self-renewal capability and adaptability, has inspired a lot of interest in their potential use in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Let’s see how effective stem cell therapy for cardiovascular diseases be and how do they perform:
How Do Stem Cells Repair Heart Cells?
When a person’s body is harmed, stem cells go to the injury site. Some originate from the bone marrow, while a small percentage comes from the heart itself. Furthermore, they are not all the same. They may be able to assist in the healing of damaged tissue there. They accomplish this by secreting local hormones to aid in the recovery of injured heart cells, as well as potentially transitioning into heart muscle cells. Stem cells perform admirably.
However, they might do better since, for certain reasons, the heart stops signalling for cardiac cells after a week and or so, rendering the repair process substantially undone. The heart is burdened by the partly healed tissue, pushing it to function harder and less effectively, eventually leading to heart failure.
To restore injured heart muscle with stem cells, a variety of techniques are being employed. A catheter can be used to introduce the stem cells, which are commonly extracted from bone marrow, into the heart. Once implanted, stem cells assist in the regeneration of damaged cardiac tissue.
What Are The Potential Pitfalls?
Stem cell therapy for cardiovascular disease has been proven to be safe. The thing you should keep in mind while looking for stem cell therapy is that the immune system of the body may refuse stem cells received from an unrelated donor. If the administered cells are unable to interact with the heart’s finely calibrated electrical system, severe cardiac rhythms could be the consequence. However, side effects haven’t been a huge concern thus far, which has encouraged researchers to keep going.
If you have been looking for stem cell therapy for cardiovascular diseases, then connect with Advancells at email@example.com for more details. You can also call us on +91-9654321400 for a free consultation.