Stem cell research is making great strides that are transforming the manner we treat diseases. Innovative and intriguing applications for umbilical cord blood stem cells (a source of hematopoietic stem cells) and umbilical cord tissue stem cells (a source of mesenchymal stem cells) are being uncovered all the time. In the search for a viable treatment for multiple sclerosis, current studies reveal the efficacy and promise of using hematopoietic stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells to treat and potentially treat MS symptoms.
Multiple sclerosis can deprive a person of key functions and interfere with their standard of living. Although there is no cure for this chronic condition, treatment has come on leaps and bounds. An investigational treatment that employs a patient’s stem cells might give people with MS newfound hopes.
Approaches for Multiple Sclerosis Management
Multiple sclerosis (MS) has no cure, however, there are several therapies available. These treatments are mostly aimed at decreasing the disease’s course and controlling symptoms. The two major aspects of treating MS are Immunomodulatory Therapy (IMT) and medicines to relieve symptoms. IMT aims to reduce the number of relapses and delay the course of the disease. Most disease-modifying medications are presently only licenced for use in relapse types of MS. Mitoxantrone is also authorized for the treatment of progressive relapsing MS (see below). Currently, these therapies with immunomodulatory medications are yet to become standard methods across the globe. Of late, stem cell therapy for multiple sclerosis has emerged as a viable option in treating multiple sclerosis.
What is stem cell therapy for multiple sclerosis?
Health professionals can employ stem cells to alleviate multiple sclerosis. They can do stem cell transplants, in which a patient with MS receives healthy stem cells to replace the damaged cells in their body.
There are several methods of stem cell therapy that use various types of stem cells.
They are as follows:
- Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT)
An autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) entails removing a person’s immune system and replacing it with their hematopoietic stem cells. These are stem cells that could evolve into white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets, along with other blood cells.
This therapy eliminates the malfunctioning immune system that causes MS symptoms and substitutes it with a healthy immune system.
- Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs)
Mesenchymal stem cells therapy is another type of stem cell therapy to restore the functions of the immune system. MSCs can help with myelin regeneration and have a beneficial influence on the immune system.
A doctor extracts MSCs from a person’s bone marrow, blood, or other tissues during MSC therapy. They then multiply these cells in a lab before reintroducing them into their bodies in larger quantities.
An expert may treat these cells before the therapy is finished in some cases. They could do so to improve the cells’ potential to inhibit immunological responses that harm the neurological system and to aid in myelin repair.
Efficacy of Stem Cells in Multiple Sclerosis
A number of clinical trials have been conducted to determine the efficacy of MSC treatment for MS patients. MSCs highly promising in MS treatment, according to a 2020 analysis of a variety of pre-clinical and clinical experiments. According to the review, this is because of:
- their capacity to influence an individual’s immune system
- their regenerative abilities
- their ability to transform into a range of distinct cells
- their production of trophic factors, which are components that aid in the development of neurons
Medical experts are currently treating a variety of medical ailments with stem cells. Viable stem cells can be transplanted into a person’s body and used to repair the damaged cells. Advancells provides stem cell therapy for various neurodegenerative diseases and other diseases/disorders. If you are looking for a free consultation on stem cell therapy for multiple sclerosis, then Connect with Advancells at email@example.com, and you can also give us a call on +91-9654321400 for Your Inquiries.