What Is Stem Cell Therapy?
Stem cells are the native cells of our body that can differentiate into various cell types and therefore prove effective in repair and regeneration-based therapy. When talking about stem cell therapy, many people still associate the term “stem cells” with embryonic tissues, but currently, stem cell therapy is pursued using adipose-derived, bone marrow-derived, or umbilical cord-tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells or hematopoietic stem cells. In this blog, we are going to explore: Is stem cell therapy safe treatment.
Is Stem Cell Therapy New?
Many people believe that cell therapy is a new and little-studied domain but even before understanding stem cell therapy, the bone marrow and placenta (the richest sources of stem cells), were used to treat wounds by the Father of Medicine Hippocrates (5th century AD). Stem cell therapy in the form of cell transplantation boomed after the bombing event of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, as Japanese scientists tried effective means to restore the victim’s damaged body tissues. In 1968, the first successful bone marrow transplant was performed through an intravenous stem cell injection of hematopoietic stem cells.
How Do Stem Cells Work?
Hematopoietic stem cell transplant has become the “gold standard” of treating a number of congenital and malignant blood diseases, like leukemia and lymphoma. Stem cell therapy can be either autologous or allogenic. In autologous stem cell therapy, the stem cell donor is the patient itself whereas in allogenic stem cell therapy, stem cells are collected from a different donor. Due to the complexity of selecting a compatible donor, peripheral blood (after taking specific drugs) or umbilical cord tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells are increasingly used. In a general stem cell therapy procedure, drugs are given to over express stem cells and then stem cells are extracted and processed. Post-processing, stem cell injections are used to transfuse the required doses in the patient either by tissue-directed methods or intravenous.
Is Stem Cell Therapy Safe & Effective?
Patients are often concerned about the safety of stem cell therapy, because Stem Cells are not sold in pharmacies and the awareness is not full proof. For every patient who has done stem cell therapy research, here are the complication-associated points to consider:
- Stem cell therapy reinfusion pathway (intravenous, intra-articular, intracardiac, intrauterine, etc.).
- Side effects of cryoprotectants and other reagents used for preserving stem cells.
- Quantity and quality of the stem cells reinfused.
- Immune-reactions upon host vs graft disorders.
Stem cell therapy upon the use of adult stem cells is safe and ethical. Instead of resorting to chemoresistant drug therapies, stem cell therapy is natural and safe. In case of autologous stem cell therapy, there are no risks of host vs graft disorders as the Stem Cells are collected from the patient but in case of allogenic transplants, patients should be thoroughly invested in understanding the complications and compatibility factors from an experienced professional. Moreover, when it comes to stem cell therapy cost, generally 4000-9000$ is what patients can expect if they are looking for the same in India.
All the information mentioned above is just the tip of the iceberg and if you want to dive deep, we welcome you for a free medical consultation with the guarantee that stem cell therapy is safe and any suggestion of going ahead with Stem Cell Treatment should be thoroughly based on the severity of the disease condition and availability of the best quality of stem cells. Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org for your free consultation today!