Numerous kidney diseases affect millions of people, yet the majority of them are completely unknown to them. This is why kidney disease is frequently referred to as a “Silent Killer,” as the majority of people do not notice any differences until the disease has progressed. People regularly get their blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels tested, but they neglect to have a straightforward creatinine test performed on their blood to look for any hidden kidney issues.
There are several symptoms of kidney disease, however, they are frequently neglected or mistaken with other conditions. As a result, one must be extremely vigilant and should have confirmatory testing (such as blood, urine, and imaging) at the first indication of a kidney problem. You should consult a nephrologist to get any questions answered. However, it is advised to have regular kidney tests done if you have high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, metabolic disease, or coronary artery disease.
7 Early Warning Signs of Kidney Disease
- Swollen Ankle, Feet & Legs:
It is common to notice oedema at these sites, which pits when pressure is applied and is known as pitting oedema. As kidney function declines, sodium retention occurs, causing swelling in the shins and ankles.
- Frequent Urination:
Urinary production may decrease or you may feel the need to urinate more frequently, particularly at night (termed as nocturia). It can be a warning sign that the kidney filtering units are disrupted or are on their way to being damaged.
- Frothy Urine:
The involvement of the protein in the urine is indicated by elevated frothiness (which under normal circumstances should be negligible). When the kidney’s filtration method is affected, protein and blood cells begin to leak into the urine. Blood in the urine can indicate tumours, kidney stones, or any type of infection, in addition to kidney disease.
- Itchy & Dry Skin:
Dry, itchy skin can indicate chronic kidney disease. Toxins often seem to build up in the body as renal function declines, resulting in itchy, dry, and foul-smelling skin.
It is one of the common risk factors for kidney disease. An anaemic person may feel tired and weak. This is one of the most common causes of kidney disease that is often overlooked.
High blood pressure is one symptom of renal disease that may present. To rule out renal aetiology of hypertension, every person who is diagnosed with hypertension needs to undergo a thorough workup of renal functioning and kidney imaging. High blood pressure results from sodium and water accumulation when renal function declines.
- Loss of Appetite:
The body builds up toxins like acids, urea, and creatinine, which suppresses an individual’s appetite. Additionally, as kidney disease worsens, patients report a change in taste that they frequently characterise as metallic. Even though they didn’t eat much throughout the day, if they experience early satiety, they should be concerned and have their renal function checked out.
Kidney disease is caused by gradual loss of the functioning of the kidney and there can be a number of factors affecting kidney functioning. These factors act as an addition to kidney disease.
Causes of Kidney Disease
The most common causes of kidney failure due to chronic kidney disease include:
- Blood Pressure
- Genetic Diseases like Polycystic Kidney Disease
- Glomerular Diseases
There are various ways to manage these early symptoms including managing diet, salt intake, maintaining body weight, monitoring blood pressure, avoid smoking and drinking. Early diagnosis and best treatment of kidney disorders or renal failure, which could result in dialysis, a kidney transplant, or even death, depending on the identification and awareness of warning signals and prompt action.
Stem Cell Therapy for Kidney Diseases
Regenerative medicine holds a strong capability to fully heal the damaged tissues and organs by boosting the natural ability of the body to heal itself, replacing the tissues and organs from a living or deceased donor with the one who needs them, providing specific cells for disease tissues or organs to restore tissue and organ function. Recent studies have suggested that stem cell treatment for kidney disorder has renoprotective effects to heal kidney damage stages and also helps in improving the functions of the kidney.