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Autism spectrum disorder, commonly called Autism, is a complex neuro disorder with a developmental disability that can lead to challenges in social communication and behavior. The learning and analyzing abilities of a child suffering from Autism are dysfunctional and their interaction pattern significantly isolates them from other normal interacting people. Worldwide, 1 in 59 people get diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder and two of the most important factors that affect this identification are the quality of living and the availability of information. It is, therefore, a much-needed criterion for more and more people to be aware of Autism and lend their support and care to the people suffering from the disorder.

Risk factors

Certain risk factors can increase the risk of Autism spectrum disorder even though Autism can affect children irrespective of nationalities and gender orientation. Besides being dependent on family history and genetic discrepancies, autism onset may also depend on gender as boys are more prone to develop the disorder as compared to girls. Children with certain medical conditions such as fragile X syndrome or Rett syndrome, also have a higher risk of developing Autism. Moreover, babies born to older parents or pre-mature babies may also have a higher risk of developing autism spectrum disorder.

Signs and Symptoms

Children suffering from Autism face problems with social, emotional, and communication skills. While some children show signs of autism in early infancy, others may develop signs of autism after the first few years of birth. The common signs of autistic behavior generally include: repeating of certain behaviors or activities, reduced eye contact, lack of response upon being called, and lack of behavior analysis. People with Autism generally grow up with different ways of learning and reacting to things.

Diagnosis

Autism spectrum disorder is a complex disorder and does not have any pathophysiological indication in the form of blood or urine test. Therefore, the general way of diagnosis for Autism is by assessing patterns of behavior and development in the child. At times, genetic testing is also done if suggested by the doctor. At times, Autism can be diagnosed or identified in less than 18 months and thus in most cases, early diagnosis does not happen, leading to severe or aggressive behavior patterns gradually as the child grows.

Conventional Treatment Patterns

In order to make sure that a child gets proper help for their autism disorder, it is very important to get medical help as soon as possible. Autism has no specific medication and its treatment involves a variety of therapies where behavioral and speech therapies are the primary ones. These therapies can help the child talk, walk, and interact with others in a better way. Some additional therapies include high-dose vitamin therapy, chelation therapy, and hyperbaric oxygen therapy. But although early diagnosis and the practice of these post-diagnostic therapies can help children suffering from Autism in leading a better life by improving behavior and interaction, they do not grow out of the disorder.

Any new treatment?

Recently, several reports on the role of regenerative medicine in the domain of neurology have shed light on the potential of stem cells to regenerate healthy nerves and significantly revert back the symptoms associated with neurological disorders. On that basis, many studies have used regenerative medicine as a hopeful treatment regime in case of autism spectrum disorder and have shown clinical success in terms of reduced repetitive behavior and increased focus on people and things. In India, Advancells has helped many children with autism to reduce aggressive or unstable behavior patterns and enhance their mental focus to learn faster from speech and behavioral therapies, using their regenerative medicine-based therapeutics. But what one should always keep in mind is that, beyond regenerative medicine and post-treatment therapies, children with autism need sufficient love, care, and understanding for their healthy development and there is no alternative to that.

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