Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a complex neurological condition that causes movement disability in childhood, besides hampering balance and posture to some degree. A wide range of therapeutic interventions like neuromuscular stimulation, HBOT, and physiotherapy for cerebral palsy have been in use for the management and treatment.
Physiotherapy for cerebral palsy is important for providing support to patients and manage symptoms of cerebral palsy associated with movement, posture, and balance. It can help in the improvement of motor skills and the betterment of movement problems. Physiotherapy helps the children gain more independence in their daily activities.
What Are The Goals Of Physiotherapy For Cerebral Palsy?
The main goal of physiotherapy treatment is to enhance motor function of cerebral palsy patients and give them enough support to work independently by means of physical training.
How Physiotherapy For Cerebral Palsy Helps:
- Improvement in patients’ existing motor skills
- Betterment of postural and movement skills
- Support with sitting and mobility
- Strengthening of muscles
- Reduced pain
- Support with mild sports and recreational activities
How Is Assessment Done In Case Of Physiotherapy For CP?
After a preliminary diagnosis, doctors generally refer the Cerebral Palsy patient to a physiotherapist, who does a thorough assessment by conducting a set of observatory tests after examining the child’s medical history. The observatory tests help the physiotherapists to assess qualities like physical strength, motion range, joint integrity, posture, and balance of the patient. Accordingly, physiotherapists prepare a care plan based on the results and set improvement goals.
What Happens During Physiotherapy For Cerebral Palsy?
Sessions of physiotherapy for cerebral palsy can take place in the office of a physiotherapist, in the rehabilitation center, or even at home. Typical exercises in physiotherapy include ones that involve treating bad muscle control, spasticity, and muscle tightening. For improving posture and balance, exercises focus on sitting, kneeling, standing, and passive stretching. A lot of times, physiotherapy involve the use of assistive equipment or mobility aids like braces, casts, splints, and shoe inserts. Physiotherapy might also use electrical stimulation to improve limb function and constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) for improving upper-extremity movement.
What Is The Role Of Parents Or Caregivers In Physiotherapy?
Parents and caregivers do play an important role in ensuring the benefit of physiotherapy in case of cerebral palsy. For a child with cerebral palsy problems, it is very important to have a caring and supportive family and friends for a good and healthy support system. Doctors and physiotherapists have to work closely with parents, caregivers, and guardians to ensure that the child is able to perform medically prescribed exercises properly without any complicated side effects. The interaction between cerebral palsy children and caregivers is very crucial for a positive outcome.
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