Medicine is all about offering the right treatment to a person, depending upon the physiological conditions of his/her body; and hence, the notion “one size fits all can be a potential threat to the nationwide healthcare system.
In today’s digital age, the success lies in creating everything that is “personalized”; may it be insurance cover as per your requirement or a diet plan, depending upon the individual’s habit. In that case, shouldn’t you be extremely meticulous when it comes to your health or well-being?
Improving the health of individuals coming to you is always like a “work in progress” process. It is always mandatory to work on different effective yet modern technologies to bring on better outcomes. In the current Era of Personalization, the race is to lead the show with better treatment strategies, facilities, and expert advice; and of course, better tools for the significant outcome.
And this article is exactly to take apart, why we are placing so much of emphasis on a trend that is very popular today.
Idea Behind the Treatment
It’s a known fact that every patient’s case is different owing to the patients’ requirements and thus, no “one treatment” option is set to benefit all. Each patient’s case should be studied separately and accordingly, the stem cell treatment procedure should be devised. From an overall point of view, the major part of a potential stem cell treatment plan involves the quality and nature of the stem cells that are employed. This discussion can help patients and caregivers acquire more awareness about the required- customized stem cell therapy protocols.
Nature of Stem Cells Employed
It’s important to understand that the stem cells being administered to the patient should be of the right kind. Depending on the type of disease, respective stem cells should be used instead of administering any stem cell available in the lab.
For neuro disorders, for example, involving neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative diseases like Autism, Dementia, ALS, Cerebral Palsy, etc., various stem cell approaches are used. It is important to understand that, of those approaches, the mesenchymal cells isolated from the umbilical cord have an advanced survival rate in the brain and have been observed to show more anti-inflammatory and angiogenic properties as compared to stem cells derived from bone marrow or adipose tissue. The umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal cells are expected to have higher efficiency in injury healing and symptom respite as suggested by the study by Yousefifard et al (2016). Thus, for neural disorders, it’s better to get treated via mesenchymal stem cells isolated from the umbilical cord.
In the case of stem cell therapy for ortho disorders, mesenchymal stem cells isolated from the bone marrow have proved extremely beneficial as mesenchymal stem cells can differentiate into:
- Bone cells (osteoblast)
- Cartilage cells (chondroblast)
- Muscle cells (myoblast)
A study by Marion and Mao (2014) states that fibroblasts are applicable in regenerating torn or wounded tendons and ligaments; chondroblast can be applicable in regenerating articular cartilage defects and treat osteoarthritis; osteoblasts can aid fracture healing and treat metabolic bone disorders and myoblasts have the ability to restore torn or injured muscles. Thus, it is essential to understand the source and type of stem cells used to treat particular ailments.