The Proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint is a hinge joint that is normally kept in alignment by a soft tissue envelope consisting of joint capsule, the volar plate, collateral ligaments and the central slip. These structures form a tight-fitting ‘box’ with a very narrow joint space. Injuries to this soft tissue envelope can be either partial or complete.
PIP joint is one of the most unforgiving joints in the body to injury. Simple sprain of the PIP joint may result in a painful and stiff finger. PIP joint injury is caused if the ligament is stretched too far; it ruptures or tears completely making it difficult to use the hand for gripping activities. PIP joint injuries are commonly seen in athletes, both amateurs and professionals but also observed as a rare condition in patients suffering from ankylosing spondylitis. Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis which is a chronic inflammatory disease that majorly affects the spine and rarely to PIP joints. On time treatment is needed otherwise delays in diagnosis and treatment, under-treatment, and particularly over-treatment may lead to many problems and prolong disability and pain.
Treatment for PIP injury:
Conventionally some surgical and non surgical methods are available to treat PIP injury though time required for complete recovery may vary. More moderate sprains often take 3 to 6 weeks to heal entirely. Though recovery time largely depends on the extent of the injury, severe or torn finger ligaments usually take two to three times longer to heal than mild or moderate finger sprains. The surgery required can vary from minimally invasive options, such as a manipulation with pins placed through the skin, to more invasive procedures like re-setting the fracture through an open incision with screws for fixation. Continued physical therapy will be necessary to ensure return of proper function, as these injuries can take a long time to heal.
Stem cells for treatment of PIP injury in AS patient:
In most recent times transplantation strategies based on stem cells present enormous potential for repairing the damage caused to PIP joints by ankylosing Spondylitis. In stem cell therapy healthy stem cells are transplanted into the affected area of patient. The cell survives and they formed connections with the surrounding tissue. Mesenchymal Stem cells can be derived from the patient’s own body, avoiding potential immunological problems. After stem cell therapy patients have observed decrease in pain level on average of 2.9. No adverse side effects have reported in stem cell transplant.
Cost of Stem cell therapy in India is economical when compared with America and European countries. However, in India the average cost of stem cell therapy can range from $6,000- $8,000 depending on patients severity, number of stem cells and stem cell type.
Looking for stem cell therapy but confused wheather stem cell treatment right for you? Come see the Advancells. They will provide a comprehensive examination and after examination, they will customize treatment plan for each patients’ specific condition.