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Stem cell Therapy for Sports Injuries
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Introduction

Stem Cell Treatment For Sports Injury

Sport injuries, have common occurrence in professional sports, due to increased wear and tear of the locomotive tissues requiring immediate medical attention. As we all know that our joints and hinges are backed by the muscles, ligaments, tendons, cartilages to provide them the support and strength that are highly in demand in a life of an athlete. However, due to overuse, sudden trauma or injuries; these tissues can release certain chemicals initiating an inflammatory response. This is in turn characterized by pain, localized sweating, redness ultimately leading to the progressive degeneration to the extent of ending the player's career.

Some of the common types of injuries are listed here

  • Achilles Tendon Injury:- The Achilles tendons, is one of the longest tendon of our body, extending from the calf muscles to the bones of heels. It allows us to extend our feet and point our toes to the floor. The injury is associated with swollen or broken tendon.
  • Knee Ligament Injuries:- Anterior cruciate ligament, Posterior Crucial Ligament, lateral ligament and medial ligaments are the four very crucial ligaments of the skin and can be injured due to sudden twisting, jumping, landing etc. The injury can be very painful with permanently debilitating changes.
  • Ankle Injuries:- They can be sprains, strains or fractures associated with tearing or breakage of bone, tendons or ligaments.
  • Golfer's Elbow:- Golfer's elbow cause pain and inflammation in the tendons that connect the forearm to the elbow.
  • Rotator Cuff Tear:- It is one of the darkest fear of the pitchers, tennis players. The rotator cuff is the group of four tendons and muscles that converge around the shoulder joints and the upper arm bone. Too much stress can cause tears in the tendons or the bones.
  • Tennis Elbow:- Swelling or inflammation of the tendons, causing pain in the elbow or arm.

The common symptoms associated with sport injuries are:

  • Tenderness
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness, hearing a popping noise during injury
  • Difficulty flexing joints
  • Intense pain, bruising
  • Deformity

Although, minor injuries or skin lesions can be treated with simple remedies, severe cases need only surgical reconstruction of the affected area due to its poor healing. These options can encounter serious complications during the procedure and hence are in strong demand of alternative therapies.

The advancements in regenerative medicine, have found out an anecdote in terms of stem cells treatment for retaining lost functions of the tissue. In general, stem cells are the skilled cells, that can be collected from one part of the body, enriched outside in the laboratory and implanted back into the body, to repair damaged cells. Once inside the body, these stem cells have proven to improve vascularization, reconstruct torn tissues and regenerate lost ones.

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Stem Cell Treatment

Stem Cell Treatment For Sports Injuries: Advancells Protocol

At Advancells, we aim at barring the progression of the damage with more emphasis on repealing of the damaged tissue. A unique treatment pattern is designed considering the pathophysiology of each injury.

Advancells is excited by the prodigious prospects of stem cells in treating various diseases, hence we are constantly updating our knowledge and technology to suit unique specifications of each patient. Our principle objective has always been a cessation of disease progression and easing the quality of life to a considerable extent. We are always pledged to deliver safe treatment pattern, by offering "Autologous stem cells from your own Bone Marrow/Adipose Tissue"

Our top priority is to provide very comprehensive, tailor made treatment pattern with the maximum recovery. As a part of our treatment, patient's stem cell are obtained from two sources Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) and Bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs). Sometimes we may use a combination of both, depending upon the assessment.

Step 1- Qualification For The Treatment

A safety and efficacy assessments will be prescribed by our experts in order to investigate the stage of severity and qualify the patient for the treatment. Following pretreatment assessments can be suggested depending upon the patient's medical and family background:

Pre-Treatment Assessments Sports Injuries

  • Infectious Disease Testing
  • Routine Blood tests
  • Physical Examination
  • Urine analysis
  • X ray
  • MRI
  • CT-Scan
  • X ray

As per these results, the patient will be counselled further for final decision of protocol.

Step 2- Source Extraction

With the physician's approval and guidance, the source from which stem cells are to be collected is decided. In general patient can be prescribed, stem cells isolated from Bone Marrow or Adipose Tissue, as they are the most potent autologous sources available. However, in certain cases, both sources can be utilized for a better outcome. Doctors can also suggest stem cell stimulation therapy for some, depending upon the severity and requirement.

The specified amount of samples will be extracted from the patient's own body on the intimated date and time, with the application of local anesthesia. The entire procedure takes around 7-8 hrs, however, in case of extracted from both the sources the patient has to be with us for a little longer time.

If you are curious to know more about the procedure, kindly refer our detailed snapshot below:

Stem cell Therapy Procedure for Sports Injuries

Step 3- Laboratory Processing

The extracted sample, will be sent to the government approved cGMP laboratory for processing. The sample processing will be done in a state of the art class 10,000 clean room in compliance with the ISO and GMP standards.

The sample will undergo minimum manipulation in our complete automated Sepax technology to be enriched with the pure population of stem cell culture. The isolated stem cells will be characterized for quality, purity and viability.

The client will be given a third party certificate from Internationally Accredited Lab for the quality purpose.

Step 4- Stem Cell Implantation

Once stem cells are enriched and ready to be injected back into the body, we have worked on different modes of implanting them. However, depending upon the patient's physiological and mental well being, one of the following will be finalized by our experts.

Follow up Treatment

Post treatment, the patient will be asked to visit the doctors for reclamation therapies such as Physiotherapy, patients counselling etc. for accelerated recovery.

FAQ's

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is a sports injury?
  • Sports Injury are injuries of the musculoskeletal system (muscles, bones and associated tissues) that occur while playing sports and during athletic activities. Sports medicine is the study of sports injuries in order to prevent them and reduce their severity of occurrence.
  • What causes sports injuries?
  • These may be traumatic injuries that occur due to collision with other players, with ground and/or object; they may be caused due to overuse and repetitive stress on limbs and joints, poor training practices, insufficient exercise, insufficient warm up and stretching before playing and inadequate/improper equipment or sports gear use while playing sports/athletic activities.
  • What are the common signs and symptoms?
  • There may be: Bruising and bleeding Sprains (ligament tear) causing pain, swelling and inability to move joints and strains (tendon/muscle tear) causing muscle spasm and pain Wounds and fractures Head and/or spinal cord injury Dislocated joints: mostly hand joints and the shoulder joint
  • Which are the most common sports injuries?
  • The most common are:
    Knee injuries: caused due to too much running without proper warm up, twist, blow or improper landing after a jump. There may be rupture of knee tendons, cartilage and ligaments.
    Shin splints or pain the bone of the lower leg, commonly seen in runners due to over use or incorrect use of the lower leg, over training, improper stretching, etc.
    Achilles tendon injuries, caused due to tear of the tendon connecting calf muscle to the back of the heel. It occurs due to improper stretching, overuse, aging, etc.
    Rotator cuff injuries: injury to the muscles and tendons of the shoulder, they are caused due to overuse, aging, repeated overhead motion, falling on an outstretched hand, etc.
  • What are acute and chronic sport injuries?
  • Acute injuries occur suddenly during an activity and their signs and symptoms are sudden severe pain, swelling, extreme tenderness, inability to move a joint in full range of motion, bone dislocation, etc. Chronic injuries occur as a result of overuse of a limb or over exercising. There is pain and swelling when an activity is performed using the affected limb.
  • Who are at greatest risk from sports injuries?
  • The following are the greatest risk from sports injuries:
    Children and Adolescents: as their muscles, tendons and bones are still growing and thus are more prone to injury
    Middle Aged Sports Person: as they lack agility and resilience that a young athlete possesses
    Women: due to osteoporosis, fluctuation in hormone levels caused by menstruation, etc.
  • What should be done to treat sports injuries?
  • The starting point for treating any sports injury is RICE therapy, adequate Rest: not lifting heavy objects from or putting weight on injured area, Ice therapy: putting ice bag on the injured area to ease pain and swelling, Compression: wrapping the injured area in an elastic bandage and Elevation: placing a pillow below the injured area to prevent fluid collection. To reduce pain and inflammation, doctor prescribes non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The affected area must not be used so as to prevent further damage. Immobilization will reduce pain and swelling. Slings, splints & casts and Velcro straps are used as immobilizers. A rehabilitation program/exercise at a gradual and safe pace is required to restore normal function. To begin with, gentle exercises are started and then gradually stretching and strengthening exercises are done. Any exercise that causes pain is avoided. Other therapies that may be used are: mild electrical stimulation, cold therapy, heat therapy, massage and ultrasound stimulation.
  • Do sport injuries frequently require surgical treatment?
  • Surgery is done when injury is severe, in case of repair of torn connective tissues and when there is joint dislocation causing deformity and disability. Most sports injuries do not require surgery.
  • Who treats a sports injury?
  • For minor injuries, a general physician and a physiotherapist may be consulted. For severe injuries, an orthopaedic surgeon who specializes in treatment of bone and joint diseases is consulted. Rehabilitation/exercise program is conducted by a physiotherapist.
  • How can a sports injury be prevented?
  • Keep feet as flat as possible while stretching; do warm up exercises and adequate stretching before rigorous activities like running, do not overuse a limb, cool down after a vigorous sport like walk for five minutes after a race, wear properly fitting shoes, run on flat surfaces and wear adequate protective gear while playing sports/during an athletic activity.

What can you expect?

Many patients after stem cell treatment reported to be exhibiting:

  • Fast and speedy recovery
  • Reduced pain, inflammation associated with increased mobility
  • Complete avoidance of anti inflammatory drugs
  • Complete stoppage of the progression.