Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the brain and spinal cord. Women are more likely than men to be affected by this condition. The condition can also develop symptoms that are unique to women. However, most MS symptoms are shared by both men and women.
The symptoms of MS that disproportionately affect women appear to be related to hormone levels. Some experts believe that having decreased testosterone levels may play a significant role. Others believe that changes in female hormones are a factor.
More research is required to identify the causative factors of these symptom variabilities.
Menstrual issues, pregnancy-related symptoms, menopausal problems and obesity are the most common symptoms that impact women more than males.
According to research, many women’s MS symptoms worsen during their periods. This could be due to a decline in oestrogen levels at the time.
Studies report that weakness, stiffness, depression, and exhaustion were among the symptoms that deteriorate during menstruation.
- Menopause Issues
According to certain studies, symptoms of MS worsen in some women after menopause. This, resembling menstruation symptoms, could be caused by a decline in oestrogen levels produced by menopause. Hormone replacement treatment (HRT) has been found in studies to benefit postmenopausal women with these symptoms.
However, this therapy has been associated with a high risk of breast cancer, cardiovascular disease, and stroke.
- Pregnancy-Related Symptoms
Good news for women with MS– research has shown that the disease has no influence on fertility. That is, MS will not prevent you from becoming pregnant and giving birth to a healthy kid.
Even better, for the majority of women, MS symptoms stabilize or reduce during pregnancy, particularly in the second and third trimesters. It is, nevertheless, typical for them to reappear after birth.
- Obesity and Body Fat
How may a person’s weight increase their chances of developing MS? MS is characterized by inflammation, and obesity is associated with inflammation. The increased prevalence of MS in women may be related to body fat.
Women tend to store additional fat on their bodies than males, and female obesity rates are higher as well. Enhanced inflammation is linked to belly fat in particular. Increased bodyweight could be particularly dangerous for women. The inflammation compounds in women’s bodies differ from those in men, and studying these may reveal why more women are afflicted.
Although women are more likely than males to get MS, the majority of the symptoms experienced by both sexes are the same. Hormone levels appear to be the most important factor influencing MS symptoms.
However, regardless of what your MS symptoms are, there are steps you can take to control them and feel much better. These include eating a healthy diet, exercising, not smoking or drinking excessively, and taking long-term MS medication therapies or alternative therapies for MS. Consult your doctor for advice on lifestyle modifications and treatments that can assist you in managing your MS symptoms and feeling better.
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