With doctors and relatives going gaga over what to eat and what to avoid, it can be difficult to decide the best foods to eat when you have diabetes. But whether you have Type 1 diabetes or Type 2 diabetes, these foods are surely going to take care of your blood sugar levels.

Here are the top 5 foods for diabetic patients, both Type 1 and Type 2 forms.

1. Fatty Fish

Not very good news for the vegans around! But fatty fish is one of the healthiest foods in the world. And by fatty fish, you can go for Salmon, Sardine, Mackerel, and Herring. These fishes are a very good source of omega 3 fatty acids, DHA and EPA. These are very beneficial for a healthy heart. Diabetes can lead to heart diseases and these good fats can help in the reduction of heart disease and stroke risks.  Furthermore, DHA and EPA reduce inflammation and improve vascular function. Fish is itself a source of high-quality proteins and these can help in enhancing metabolism for diabetic patients.

2. Green Leafy Vegetable

Leafy green vegetables are rich in several vitamins and minerals which make them very nutritious. These vegetables like spinach and kale are low in calories and carbs. Thus, it looks after your blood sugar levels efficiently. Some studies have reported that vitamin C intake can reduce fasting sugar levels for people with diabetes and leafy vegetables are a good source of the same. Furthermore, leafy green foods are good sources of antioxidants like lutein which protect your eyes from disorders arising due to diabetic complications.

3. Cinnamon

A delicious spice with qualities nice!

Cinnamon has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity and blood glucose maintenance in many controlled studies. Besides that, cinnamon has potential antioxidant properties and also helps in reducing HbA1c levels and maintain C-peptide levels. Cinnamon also lowers cholesterol and triglyceride levels. A cautionary statement: artificial cinnamon powder contains a program in which can cause health issues at higher doses.

4. Chia Seeds

Health fact: 11 of the 12 grams of carbs in a 28-gram (1-oz) serving of chia seeds are fiber, which doesn’t raise blood sugar.

Chia seeds are very high in fibers and low in calories and carbs which make them the best food option in diabetes to regulate blood glucose levels by regulating food absorption. Further, these seeds reduce hunger and thus helps in maintaining body weight. Like other diabetic foods, chia seeds also reduce blood pressure and inflammation, thus reducing the risk of heart diseases.

5. Broccoli

Besides pineapples, if there is another food many people do not prefer their pizza slice, it has to be broccoli. But well, broccoli is one of the most healthy and nutritious foods available. Broccoli is a source of low calories and carbs besides being a great source for magnesium and vitamin C. Broccoli also helps in lowering blood glucose and enhancing insulin levels in the body. Furthermore, Broccoli has high antioxidant levels and thus can protect the body from harmful radicals to improve metabolism.

Diabetes is not just one disorder to treat because diabetic complications can cause eye diseases, heart diseases and other metabolic disorders in one’s body. Although eating healthy and living a hygienic life helps a lot in diabetes, medication and insulin dependency somehow sticks on. With recent advances in regenerative medicine, several new studies have come up to treat diabetes and reduce insulin dependency. One such pilot study by the researchers of Advancells has shown around 50% reduction in insulin dependency upon treatment with stem cells. Further research in a larger population will cement the efficacy of regenerative therapeutics globally.


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