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Ebola, a deadly virus gets its name from the Ebola River (Democratic Republic of Congo) where it was first found. Ebola is a rare but deadly virus that causes bleeding inside and outside the body.

As the virus spreads through the body, it damages the immune system and organs. Ultimately, it causes levels of blood-clotting cells to drop. This leads to severe, uncontrollable bleeding and finally death.

The Ebola virus is as yet predominant in central and West African countries. The recent outbreak of Ebola in Guinea and some coastal regions has created headlines that have terrified the entire world. The rapid killing of hemorrhagic fever kills 90% of the people infected. It spreads commonly through people by contact with the skin or bodily fluids of an infected animal, like a monkey, chimp, or fruit bat. Then it moves from person to person the same way. Those who are caregivers to a sick person or cremate the dead from the disease often get it. Other ways to get Ebola include touching contaminated needles or surfaces. Ebola cannot be acquired from the air, water, or food. The symptoms become visible between 2 to 21 days of acquiring the infection. The symptoms could include High fever, headache, sore throat, body weakness, and muscle aches, loss of appetite. However, it is important to note that a person having the Ebola virus cannot pass it to others till the time these symptoms are there.

As the war against Ebola rages in West Africa the Fears of the outbreak “going global” are being continually voiced. The first diagnosed case in a senior hospital doctor in the rural town of Gueckedou; spread to health workers and kin attending his funeral, and thus to the town of Macenta; and now, through kinship, trade, and transport networks, to the capital. However, there is no clear reason to panic as this virus is yet been curtailed in Africa, and countries all over the world are screening passengers detected with Ebola symptoms

Is there any cure?

There is no breakthrough in the cure for Ebola that can kill the virus. Though scientists are working on a new vaccine that may prevent infection or at least hemorrhagic fever. As of now experimental treatment includes injecting serum from the survivors that have high levels of antibodies against the virus in their blood. When symptoms of Ebola do begin following one can only provide Good nursing care, hospital treatment where IV fluids and antibiotics are given to prevent blood clotting and control fever.

Some traditional Ebola vaccinations have also surfaced like taking a bath with hot saltwater or eating Tulsi leaves though there is efficacy is not yet proven.

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