Stem cells are undifferentiated biological cells that can differentiate into specialized cells and can divide to produce more stem cells. Stem cells can be thought of as primitive, “unspecialized” cells that are able to divide and become specialized cells of the body such as liver cells, muscle cells, blood cells, and other cells with specific functions. They are found in multicellular organisms. Stem cells of adult organisms and progenitor cells act as a repair system for the body and again fill the adult tissues.
Treatments or therapies are used Stem Cells to prevent or treat any disease are known as stem cell therapy. Among many Stem Cell therapies ‘ Bone Marrow ’ transplantation is the most common and widely used stem cell therapy in India. Other than bone marrow some other therapies derived from embryos are also prevalent We are looking forward to developing stem cell treatments to be done for diabetes, heart diseases and other conditions too. But stem cells derived from embryos have ethical issues and also they have a large tumour risk.
Stem cell therapy, also known as regenerative medicine. It promotes the reparative response of diseased, dead or injured tissue using stem cells. The basic process of stem cell therapy can be understood by the following process like the doctors take out bone marrow and/or adipose tissue and they process the stem cells in a lab. Then these stem cells are manipulated to specialize into specific types of cells, such as heart muscle cells, blood cells or nerve cells. The specialized cells can then be implanted into a person. Researchers have already shown that adult bone marrow cells guided to become heart, like cells can repair heart tissue in people.
What are the advantages of Stem Cell Therapy?
One of the best advantages of stem cell research is the medical benefits it provides. They have been proven to drastically improve the condition of many people with degenerative diseases. stem cell research paved way for effective treatment discoveries. This offers great possibility for discovering cures and treatments for a wide variety of illnesses such as diabetes, spinal cord injury and more. Organs and limbs can be grown in labs from stem cells and then utilized for treatment of transplants.
Stem cell research also benefits other studies. This is essential to the study of particular development stages that cannot be directly studied in human embryo. This is sometimes linked to primary clinical consequences like pregnancy loss, birth defects and infertility.
Stem Cells have the unique ability to become any cell in the body. Stem cells can keep on renewing themselves. These basic building blocks of life are fast becoming the ultimate repair-kit of the future.