What is autism spectrum disorder?
Autism spectrum disorder or Autism is a developmental disability causing social and behavioral challenges. Autism affects children and can range from mild to severe, with difficulties in social interactions. The signs of ASD often appear early in development around the age of 12-18 months or earlier. Autism treatment with medications has not been significantly fruitful and therefore alternative therapies like stem cell therapy for autism are becoming popular with doctors and caregivers.
How does Autism affect communication?
Children with Autism are often self-absorbed and communicate minimally with others. Autistic children may have difficulty in developing language skills and comprehension. This itself makes it difficult for them to communicate verbally and non-verbally (eye contact, facial expressions). On the other hand, some children with autism may have a focus on one single subject and can relate in great dept. Some children have problems with understanding words and rhythms that do not seem familiar or are not part of a routine, making it difficult for others to teach them new things. This lack of communication ability makes it difficult for autistic children to connect with peers and make social bonds.
Common Patterns of Autism
- Repetitive language: Children with autism may speak or do things in repetition while in the middle of some activity. For example, an autistic child may count from one to four repeatedly while looking at the ceiling or may continuously repeat words or phrases that he/she has heard before. Some children with autism may tend to respond with the same question that has been asked.
- Narrow interests and exceptional abilities. Some children with autism may be able to deliver in-depth single-channeled monologues regarding one topic that carries their interest but may not be able to branch into a different conversation about the same topic. A rare population of children with autism can show a high ability to memorize or do math calculations.
- Uneven language development. Many children with autism develop speech and language difficulties and their progress is generally uneven. Some autistic children do not respond using language or gestures although they may be quick at reading or understanding.
- Poor nonverbal conversation skills. Children with autism are often unable to use facial gestures or eye contact to put meaning in their speech. At times, this is mistaken as a sign of being rude or uninterested. With fewer people understanding their ways, it often becomes irritating for some autistic children to attempt connecting with others. This often comes out in the form of vocal outbursts or unusual behaviors.
Autism Treatment to Improve Communication and Behavior
As medications do not help autism treatment, doctors mostly refer autistic children to specialists in speech, occupation, behavior, and physical therapy. A speech-language therapist and behavioral therapist usually work towards improving communication in children with Autism. The best form of treatment using speech and behavioral therapy must be tailored to the child’s interest and age, besides being a part of early intervention. Developing pre-language skills in children with autism involves using eye contact, body movements, imitation, and simple vocalizations for helping their mode of communication. The ultimate goal of these therapies is to help children in holding a conversation with another person and taking turns while speaking. These therapies ought to address both the behavior and communication skills of the child, besides acting as a support for the caregivers and parents.
To improve the ability of autistic children in learning positively with the help of speech and behavioral therapies, advanced rehabs like hyperbaric oxygen therapy are slowly getting accepted. Regenerative rehabilitation procedures like hyperbaric oxygen therapy also help in toning up muscles and improving motor movements for the children. Stem cell treatment for autism helps to boost up the regenerative abilities of such therapies manifold using the potential of stem cells to rejuvenate tissues. In many cases, parents and caregivers have turned to stem cell treatment for autism as an alternative means to improve their child’s conditions and have reported positive improvements.