Back pain due to degenerative disk disease is caused by changes in the spine disks. These disks act as shock absorbers and help in retaining back flexibility. As one gets older with age, these spine disks show signs of wear and tear, affecting the flexibility and stability of the spine.
What causes degenerative disk disease?
Most cases of degenerative disk disease occur with age. The spinal disks have an inner core that dries up as people get older. This leads to flatter spine disks that cannot absorb shocks properly. Dried-up spinal disks mean less padding between the vertebrae.
Aside from drying up of the inner core, spinal disks can get minor injuries over the years that affect the tough outer covering. This can lead to minor tears near nerves, causing crucial back pain. If the outer covering suffers more injury, the softcore may push through and cause slip disk or herniated disk.
What Are the Symptoms of degenerative disk disease?
The most common symptom of degenerative disk disease is back pain. The characteristics of the pain can be:
- Pain in lower back or upper thighs.
- Pain is not constant. Can last from a few days to months.
- Pain is worse upon sitting. Feels better while walking.
- Pain is worse while bending or lifting objects.
- Pain gets a bit better when sleeping positions are changed.
In some cases, this disease can lead to numbness in limbs and cause weakness in leg muscles.
How is degenerative disk disease diagnosed?
To diagnose degenerative disk disease, doctors usually discuss regarding medical history and symptoms. The general queries are:
- When and where did the pain start?
- Has the pain spread to limbs?
- Is there any history of spine injury?
- Does your family have a history of similar problems?
Besides diagnostic questions about disease history, doctors check the spine for signs of the condition. Moreover, X-ray or MRI imaging to check bone or nerve damage is also suggested by the doctors.
What are the treatments for degenerative disk disease?
As conventional treatments for degenerative disk disease do not promise a cure, the goal is apparently to limit the disease progression and ease the pain. Conventional treatments may include:
- Medication: Pain relievers like aspirin and ibuprofen can help fight pain and inflammation problems. These medications can also lessen swelling.
- Steroid shots: These shots have strong medications to ease pain, inflammation, and swelling. Doctors usually suggest these injections in the epidural space around the spinal cord.
- Physical therapy: Specific training or exercises can enhance muscle movement and function in the neck and back. These exercises should be dealt with very carefully without hurting the existing damaged condition.
- Surgery: If all other treatments don’t work, doctors may recommend surgery like discectomy to remove the injured part of the disk.
With advanced technology, stem cell therapy promises a potential cure to the disease in the early stages by repairing the damaged disk tissues and healing the injured areas. Stem cell therapy for degenerative disk disease also reduces pain and inflammation, leading to limiting the progress of the disease. If you are looking for free medical consultation on degenerative disk disease management, contact email@example.com or call 096543 21400