Spastic Diplegia Cerebral Palsy is the most prevalent type of the illness, affecting up to 80% of those with a diagnosis. Both muscle spasms, when the contracted muscles occasionally relax, and hypertonia, where muscles are persistently tense, are symptoms of spastic cerebral palsy. Patients move awkwardly as a result of this.

Trauma to the motor cortex area of the brain results in spastic cerebral palsy. This damage can happen before birth, during childbirth, or even later in life. Sometimes medical malpractice that may have been avoided during pregnancy or childbirth causes spastic cerebral palsy.

Unfortunately, there is currently no treatment for spastic diplegic cerebral palsy, although there are ways to lessen symptoms. Spastic cerebral palsy may be treated with medical interventions such as surgery, drugs, physical therapy, nutrition regimens, and adaptive devices like braces.

Types of Spastic Diplegia

There are various subtypes of spastic cerebral palsy depending on where the symptoms manifest. Spastic quadriplegia, spastic diplegia, or spastic hemiplegia are examples of subtypes.

  • Spastic Diplegia
    A kind of spastic cerebral palsy known as spastic diplegia exclusively affects the bottom half of the body. Infants and toddlers with spastic diplegia may struggle to learn to walk, but most kids eventually master the ability to walk without using their entire feet. “Little’s Disease” is another name for spastic diplegia.
  • Spastic Hemiplegia
    When cerebral palsy symptoms only affect one side of the body, such as the left or right, it is known as spastic hemiplegia. Children with spastic hemiplegia will typically favour the side of their bodies they can control, albeit the symptoms might vary greatly from kid to child. One clinched their teeth.
  • Spastic Quadriplegia
    The most severe type of the illness, spastic quadriplegia, affects the entire body and all four limbs. Children with spastic quadriplegia will not progress as predicted, which makes the condition’s effects obvious early in life. When a baby doesn’t reach the expected child’s development, such head control and crawling, parents might notice.

Symptoms of Spastic Diplegia

Movements that appear abrupt and stiff are the most obvious sign of spastic cerebral palsy. Touching the muscles of the body will also make them feel stiff. The signs of spastic cerebral palsy are not limited to these, though.

The incidence of limb and foot abnormalities, including scoliosis, in addition to other diseases is higher among children with spastic quadriplegia compared to other types of the condition. If their condition affects their neck muscles, individuals with spastic quadriplegia may also have difficulty swallowing and eating.

Causes of Spastic Diplegia

When neuron bundles in the spinal cord or brain are destroyed, spastic cerebral palsy results. The signals that the brain sends to the body’s muscles are disrupted by this damage, which makes it harder to move the muscles. The damage to the neurons can be caused by:

  • Birth injuries
  • Toxin exposure
  • Untreated trauma
  • Brain injury during foetal development

Available Treatment for CP

Numerous strategies are used to treat spastic cerebral palsy in order to lessen symptoms and enhance quality of life. Surgery, physical and occupational therapy, nutrition support, medicine, medical aids and stem cell therapy for CP are frequently used to treat cerebral palsy. The key to a successful outcome is to assist your child as soon as you can. Early intervention has been shown to considerably raise a cerebral palsy patient’s quality of life.

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