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Male infertility accounts for over one-third of the fertility issues. Male infertility may be attributed to abnormal sperm quality, low sperm mobility or low sperm count. One of the common of these infertility problems in males is Azoospermia.

What is Azoospermia?

It is a medical condition when there is a complete lack of sperm in the semen sample of a male. It affects around 1% of the male population and nearly 15% of infertile males are affected by azoospermia around the world. There are 2 types of azoospermia:

  • Obstructive Azoospermia: An obstruction or lack of a connection in the vas deferens, epididymis, or somewhere else along your reproductive tract causes this type of azoospermia. You are producing sperm, but it is being prevented from exiting, so there is no detectable proportion of sperm in your semen.
  • Nonobstructive azoospermia: You have poor or no sperm production due to deficiencies in the function and structure of the testes or other causes.

Causes of Azoospermia

The cause of azoospermia depends on the type of azoospermia. Some of these causes include:

  • Trauma
  • Infection
  • Cyst development
  • Genetic causes
  • Diabetes
  • Cirrhosis
  • Kidney failure
  • Hormonal imbalance

Symptoms for Azoospermia

There are no apparent symptoms for Azoospermia. It can only be detected after a clinical test. If a couple is trying for a family and is unable to do so even after 1 year of unprotected sex, they must not neglect signs of male infertility and get themselves tested. Azoospermia is usually diagnosed with a microscopic examination of the semen at separate instances. Blood tests with abnormal hormone levels can also indicate the condition.

Can Stem Cell Therapy Treat Azoospermia?

Stem cells are an avenue in regenerative medicine that can help in repair and regeneration of damaged tissues. Stem cells are unspecialized cells of our body that can form any cell type further replacing the damaged or injured tissues. Latest research has shown that stem cell therapy is a new ray of hope for Azoospermia patients. Although, adult stem cells cannot directly involve in the production of sperms; studies have signified that they can definitely help in creating a favorable environment to increase the motility of the sperms. They also help in restoring the level of testosterones in the body and can hence restore fertility. Stem cell therapy can thus be a future of reproductive medicine and fulfill the dreams of thousands of childless couples.

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