Stem cell treatment has the potential to provide the body with tissue repair and regeneration capacity owing to the ability of stem cells to differentiate into several cell lineages of the body. Although stem cell therapy or regenerative medicine has not yet been seen as part of the conventional therapeutic regime, future treatment practices assure the inclusion of stem cell therapy as an assertive prescribed treatment for various tissue-damaging disorders like Neurological Disorders and musculoskeletal disorders.
Regenerative Therapy Or Stem Cell Treatment In Health Domains
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of mortality directly or indirectly, such as in the case of heart diseases linked with diabetes, etc. Using stem cells for treatment, research has shown positive results in the case of heart tissue damage repair, restoration, and regeneration. Studies have shown that bone marrow stem cells can repair myocardial damage and improve heart function by myocardial regeneration. Owing to the significant positive results, clinical trials in patients with ischemic heart disease have been started using bone marrow-derived stem cells. Researchers are looking for optimized standard ways for cell harvesting and delivery procedures for a better understanding of the basic mechanisms underlying successful stem cell therapy for clinical implementation.
Although theoretical explanations easily normalize the differentiation of stem cells into neurons, oligodendrocytes, and astrocytes, the switch mechanism for specific differentiation of stem cells into different cells of the central and peripheral nervous system are yet to be clinically elucidated for a better grasp of treatment understanding in the clinical trial scenario for the patients. Nevertheless, it is widely believed that stem cells infused in the patient body can help in improving the conditions of disorders like Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease, ALS, spinal cord injury, and stroke. Animal studies have encouraged these beliefs and research has shown that stem cell therapy can help in reducing dementia and improve neurological functions after injury.
Dental stem cells can significantly help in repairing tooth tissue damage including dental pulp, dentin, and periodontal ligament. Dental stem cells can not only function in case of teeth related issues but they can also differentiate into nervous and bone tissue as the dental stem cells are believed to originate from the neural crest cells and thus behave like generic mesenchymal stem cells. However, for a better understanding of the differentiation properties and specifications of these stem cells, further studies are required to find out the switch mechanisms of dental stem cells into cells of other body tissues.
Benefits Of Stem Cell Treatment
Stem cell treatment generally utilizes adult mesenchymal stem cells from bone marrow or adipose tissues for the treatment of tissue deteriorating diseases. Stem cells are extracted from the patient’s body and after processing, are re-infused in the patient’s body through intravenous or site-specific procedures. The general advantages of stem cell treatment are minimal risk, recovery time, and worry. Five benefits of stem cell treatment can be listed as:
- Surgery can be avoided and therefore, stem cell therapy limits the risks and complications that come along with it. This therapy is minimally invasive and doesn’t cause significant pain during the procedure.
- Post-procedural recovery time for stem cell treatment is minimal and thus doesn’t pester the patient much during recovery of the injury.
- No use of general anesthesia during the stem cell therapy is another plus point as using anesthesia at times makes the patient anxious and worrisome with related risks.
- No risk of rejection and graft vs host diseases is ensured by autologous stem cell treatment in which the patient’s own stem cells are extracted and used for the process.
- Autologous stem cell treatment also ensures no risk of communicable disease transmission as the cells in use are the patient’s own cells.