Ketogenic diet has become a popular trend in today’s culture by the word of mouth of celebrities and health experts who readily approve of this long-standing fad diet. But is keto diet helpful for people with Diabetes? Researchers have unanimously agreed on the risk of a keto diet in case of Type1 diabetes condition but Type 2 diabetes seems a bit complicated as some reports suggest that its meal plan may be helpful, while others suggest the importance of whole grains in a diabetic diets, which is a restricted keto food.
How Does a Keto Diet Work?
According to review published in August 2013 in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, keto diet means reducing carbohydrate intake to typically less than 50 grams (g) of carbohydrates per day, while increasing fat and protein intake. A person on an average non-restricted diet can easily eat more carbohydrates in one typical meal but keto dietary changes drive down insulin levels and eventually lead your body into ketosis, where it burns fat rather than carbohydrates.
Potential Health Benefits of a Keto Diet for Diabetes?
In case of Type 2 diabetes, with a higher protein and fat intake, diabetic patients may feel less hungry and that can lead to losing weight since these take longer to digest than carbohydrates. A review published in September 2016 in the Journal of Obesity & Eating Disorders suggests that, for a person with diabetes, a keto diet may help improve A1C levels better than a low-calorie diet. Furthermore, keto diet may be way more effective for weight loss than a low-fat diet and can help in improving cholesterol and blood pressure, as per Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Is Keto Diet the Best for Type 2 Diabetes?
The keto diet isn’t necessarily the best approach for every diabetic person and some studies suggest that a Mediterranean diet with lean meats, fish, nuts, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains might be more beneficial than a keto diet. The keto diet comes with associated risks of hypoglycemia for diabetic patients taking oral medicines for blood sugar control and also might cause other side effects like: bad breath, dizziness, nausea, headache, fatigue, and fast heartbeat, fever, and chills.
How safe is the Keto Diet Diabetic Patients?
Diabetic patients with kidney disease are not fit for a keto diet as protein limitation should be thoroughly stringent in that medical condition. If the patient has a Type 1 diabetes, Keto diet should be avoided as Ketones produced during ketosis are a risk factor for DKA, which is more common in Type 1 cases as compared to Type 2.
A thorough consultation with the nutrition expert and doctor is required before diving into any dietary routines as all the binge-reading over internet does not provide a complete outlook of the pros and cons for personal clinical condition of diabetes. Moreover, along with personal dietary habits, regenerative therapies have been largely successful in case of diabetes treatment and thus the concept of personalized healthy living is of much importance in today’s world.