How can you tell whether someone has diabetes? Well, the majority of early symptoms are prompted by blood glucose levels that are greater than normal. The warning signals can be so subtle that they go unnoticed. This is particularly true in the case of type 2 diabetes. Many people don’t realise they have it until they start having problems as a result of the disease’s long-term effects. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually appear fast, in a matter of a few weeks. They’re also a lot more severe!
Some of the warning symptoms of both types of diabetes are the same:
- Frequent urination: The normal person needs to urinate four to seven times each day, but persons with diabetes may need to pee much more frequently. Why? Usually, as glucose goes past your kidneys, your body reabsorbs it. However, if your blood sugar levels rise as a result of diabetes management, your kidneys may not be able to filter it all out. This causes the body to produce more urine, which uses up the body’s fluid reserves. As a result, you’ll need to go more frequently. You might also pee more. You may become extremely thirsty due to frequent peeing and you will pee more if you drink more.
- Hunger: The food you eat is converted into glucose, which your body utilises for energy. However, your cells require insulin to absorb glucose. The glucose can’t get into your cells if your body doesn’t produce enough or any insulin, or if your cells fight the insulin your body produces. You won’t have any energy. This can make you feel more hungry and exhausted than normal.
- Dry Mouth: There will be less moisture for other processes since your body is using fluids to generate pee. It’s possible that you’ll become dehydrated, and your mouth will feel dry. This can ultimately lead to itchy skin due to dryness.
- Blurry Vision: The changes in the level of the fluids in your body can affect the lenses of your eyes by swelling them up. This in turn changes the shape of the lenses and hence, you can’t focus.
- Slow Wound-Healing: High blood sugar levels can disrupt blood flow and cause nerve damage, making it difficult for your body to repair wounds.
- Yeast infection: Yeast thrives when there is a lot of sugar available. Diabetic people can have yeast infections in the warm and moist area of the body like, between toes and finger, under the breasts, in or around the pubic area, armpits, etc.
- Numbness or pain: Pain and numbness in the legs are very common in people with diabetes. It is caused due to nerve damage.
These are the few early signs of diabetes that shouldn’t be ignored. Especially, if your family tree has a history of diabetes because diabetes is hereditary. You should go for a check-up with the doctor if you feel any of these warning signs.