Diabetes and complications-The lifestyle upgradation, added upsurge in environmental hazards and easy victimization to the mental stress; are some of the mainstream reasons for diabetes prevalence. It should be noted that after every 23 seconds, worldwide someone comes to know that he/she is having diabetes. Some people misunderstand it to be a common disease that can be manageable, only if the sugar is being avoided; however people should be aware of the fact that diabetes is rather a perplexed disease that if ignored for a longer period of time may gives rise to variety of complications, such as cardiovascular disorders, stroke, kidney disorders, blindness, erectile dysfunction, as well as limb amputation.
Your feet and eyes are the only two body components that high blood sugar levels can gravely harm. We refer to this as diabetes complications. But many of these diabetes side effects are preventable or can be prevented with activity.
What are the main diabetes complications?
There are two different categories of diabetes complications: acute complications, which can occur at any time, and chronic complications, which are major consequences that develop over time and these are caused by type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
- Cardiovascular Disorders: – If you are a diabetic, the chances of you having vascular diseases may increase 10-15 times more. Coronary artery disease is the most prevalent form of heart trouble, being a diabetic. It has been often observed that chronic diabetes may cause the hardening of important arteries, minimizing the blood supply towards the heart and brain. This may lead to stroke or cardiovascular disorders.
- Diabetic Retinopathy:- Diabetes can be the primary cause of blindness in most developed countries. Over a period of time, due to constant rise in blood sugar level and continuous
- intake of steroidal medicine, the blood vessel supplying blood to the retina of the eye gets damaged causing severe blood leakage. The condition is been identified as diabetic retinopathy and it is important to note that almost one in four people with diabetes may get affected by diabetic retinopathy.
- Kidney Damage: – Due to chronic ill-treated diabetes, kidneys are constantly being exposed to higher blood glucose levels, causing severe damage to the blood vessels, supplying blood to them. Due to this, a kind of important protein named albumin is leaked into the urine and excreted instead of being conserved by the body. With the progressive damage, the condition named proteinuria increases eventually causing kidney failure.
- Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy:- Exposure to a higher level of blood glucose over a prolonged period of time may cause severe damage to the peripheral nerves that are being spread to the limbs, all over the body. The said problem if ignored with some of the common symptoms, such as tingling sensation in the limbs, numbness, etc. can apparently increase the risk of limb amputation.
- Anxiety & Depression:– Although little is related between anxiety and diabetes, people should know that diabetes is the major reason for anxiety, which may be due to poor blood sugar regularization and critical blood supply to some of the important organs of the body, including the brain.
- COVID-19:- Some individuals who survive COVID-19 may experience long-term health issues, such as newly discovered diabetes. The immune system of the body is known to produce more antibodies as a result of the preceding disease, including antibodies that were already present, such as those that target the insulin-producing islet cells of the pancreas. Coronavirus may infect these islet cells which may trigger Covid-induced diabetes.
- Erectile Dysfunction:- Diabetes-related nerve, blood vessel, and muscle dysfunction are among the complicated reasons for erectile dysfunction in males. Men require healthy blood vessels, nerves, and male hormones for erection. The blood vessels and nerves that regulate erections can be harmed by diabetes.
- Infection:- The immune system of people with type 2 diabetes is less effective. Sugar levels in your body’s tissues rise as a result of elevated blood glucose. As a result, illnesses can spread more quickly and bacteria flourish. Your bladder, kidneys, vagina, gums, feet, and skin are typical infection sites. Infections that are treated quickly can avoid more serious effects.
- Dental Infection:- Serious dental and oral health issues are more likely to occur in diabetics than in healthy individuals. Dental and oral health issues are more prone to develop when blood sugar levels are out of control. This is due to white blood cell impairment brought on by uncontrolled diabetes, which compromises the body’s principal line of defence against infections that might develop in the mouth.
Even if the condition is only one, its implications are endless, making it extremely important to treat it without many flare-ups. At the same time, research has indicated that people may not be aware of the long-term use of steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to treat the condition; rather, they may be attempting to accept the alternative treatment options being made available by advancements in science and technology, such as stem cell therapy. A huge amount of information gathered from various clinical research has hinted at the potential of stem cell therapy as a new, efficient, drug-free approach vast managing diabetes.
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